Electronic Style Guides

General | APA | MLA | Turabian | Chicago | CBE | ASA
Citations give credit to the author as well as enable another researcher to locate the cited item. If you are unclear about what should be cited. see the examples in Earle Babbie's article on plagiarism. Although there is no definitive standard for citing internet and electronic information, the following online guides show examples. There are also examples and rules for citing printed materials. For more comprehensive guides, consult the print style manuals in the UI Library.

  • Citing Government Information Sources Using MLA Style: Includes samples citations in the MLA format for a variety of government information sources. Created by the University of Nevada, Reno Libraries.
  • Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism: Duke University Library guide outlining key elements needed when citing commonly used resources. Based on several different citation formats.
  • Citation Machine: Allows you to enter author, title, publication year, etc. and returns a complete citation in both APA and MLA format.
  • Columbia Guide to Online Style: Examples from print guide of same title comparing citations of electronic sources fro both a humanities style (i.e. MLA and Chicago) and a scientific style (APA and CBE).
  • Learning Page: Citing Electronic Sources: Examples in both Turabian and MLA styles of citing materials accessed online including films, maps, recorded sound, photographs, and drawings. From the Library of Congress.
  • ONLINE! Citation Styles: Covers MLA, APA, Chicago, and CGE styles of citing online sources.
  • Research and Documentation Online: Diana Hacker's guide covering citation of both print and electronic sources using APA, MLA, Chicago, or CBE. Includes sample paper in each style.
  • Sources: Guide from Dartmouth covering the "how and why" of citing sources. Examples using APA, MLA, Science (used by journal Science) and Note Style (recommended by MLA).
  • Suggested Citation Styles for Internet Information: Suggestions from Census Bureau for citing HTML, ASCII, PDF, dynamically generated tables/files, FTP, and E-mail.
  • APA Electronic Reference Formats: Up-to-date, brief guide from the American Psychological Association.
  • APA Formatting: Based on Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). From the On-Line Writing Lab, Purdue University.
  • APA In-Text (Parenthetical) Documentation: General guidelines for in-text citations that cover the use of authors' names, placement of in-text citations, and treatment of nonrecoverable and electronic sources. From St. Cloud State University.
  • APA Style Guide: Includes citation of electronic information, based on Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). From University of Southern Mississippi Libraries.

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  • Turabian Documentation Guide: Basic introduction to citation style based on the 6th edition of Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
Chicago CBE
  • CBE Citation Guide: Guide compiled by Ohio State University Libraries and based on the 6th edition (1994) of Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers.
ASA (American Sociological Association)
  • ASA Style: This guide to ASA style from the E.H. Butler Library at Buffalo State University is intended to aid students who are directed by their instructors to use "ASA style" when writing research papers.
  • Quick Style Guide for Students Writing Sociology Papers: From ASA, this guide is based on the American Sociological Association Style Guide (1997).

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