Citations give credit to the author as well as enable another researcher to locate the cited item. If you are unclear about what
should be cited. see the examples in Earle Babbie's article on plagiarism. Although there is no definitive standard for citing
internet and electronic information, the following online guides show examples. There are also examples and rules for citing printed
materials. For more comprehensive guides, consult the print style manuals in the UI
- Citing Government Information Sources Using MLA
Style: Includes samples citations in the MLA format for a variety of government information sources. Created by the University
of Nevada, Reno Libraries.
- Citing Sources and
Avoiding Plagiarism: Duke University Library guide outlining key elements
needed when citing commonly used resources. Based on several different citation
- Citation Machine: Allows you to enter author, title, publication year, etc. and returns a complete citation in both APA and MLA format.
- Columbia Guide to
Online Style: Examples from print guide of same title comparing citations of
electronic sources fro both a humanities style (i.e. MLA and Chicago) and a
scientific style (APA and CBE).
Page: Citing Electronic Sources: Examples in both Turabian and MLA styles of
citing materials accessed online including films, maps, recorded sound,
photographs, and drawings. From the Library of Congress.
- ONLINE! Citation
Styles: Covers MLA, APA, Chicago, and CGE styles of citing online sources.
- Research and Documentation
Online: Diana Hacker's guide covering citation of both print and electronic sources using APA, MLA,
Chicago, or CBE. Includes sample paper in each style.
- Sources: Guide
from Dartmouth covering the "how and why" of citing sources. Examples
using APA, MLA, Science (used by journal Science) and Note Style
(recommended by MLA).
- Suggested Citation
Styles for Internet Information: Suggestions from Census Bureau for citing
HTML, ASCII, PDF, dynamically generated tables/files, FTP, and E-mail.
- APA Electronic Reference Formats: Up-to-date, brief guide from the American
Formatting: Based on Publication Manual of the American Psychological
Association (5th ed.). From the On-Line Writing Lab, Purdue
- APA In-Text (Parenthetical) Documentation: General guidelines for in-text citations that cover the use of authors' names, placement of in-text citations, and treatment of nonrecoverable and electronic sources. From St. Cloud State University.
- APA Style Guide:
Includes citation of electronic information, based on Publication Manual of
the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). From University
of Southern Mississippi Libraries.
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- Turabian Documentation
Guide: Basic introduction to citation style based on the 6th edition of Kate
Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
ASA (American Sociological Association)
- CBE Citation Guide: Guide compiled by Ohio State University
Libraries and based on the 6th edition (1994) of Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors and
Style: This guide to ASA style from the E.H. Butler Library at Buffalo
State University is intended to aid students who are directed by their
instructors to use "ASA style" when writing research papers.
- Quick Style Guide for Students Writing Sociology Papers: From
ASA, this guide is based on the American Sociological Association Style
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